HUMAN TRAFFICKING: THE FACTS

15 02 2011


An estimated 2.5 million people are in forced labour (including sexual exploitation) at any given time

as a result of trafficking

Of these:

o 1.4 million – 56% – are in Asia and the Pacific

o 250,000 – 10% – are in Latin America and the Caribbean

o 230,000 – 9.2% – are in the Middle East and Northern Africa

o 130,000 – 5.2% – are in sub-Saharan countries

o 270,000 – 10.8% – are in industrialized countries

o 200,000 – 8% – are in countries in transition

161 countries are reported to be affected by human trafficking by being a source, transit or destination count

• People are reported to be trafficked from 127 countries to be exploited in 137 countries, affecting every continent and every type of economy

REF: GOOGLE

The Victims

The majority of trafficking victims are between 18 and 24 years of age.

An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked each year

95% of victims experienced physical or sexual violence during trafficking (based on data from selected European countries)

43% of victims are used for forced commercial sexual exploitation, of whom 98 per cent are women and girls

32% of victims are used for forced economic exploitation, of whom 56 per cent are women and girls

Many trafficking victims have at least middle-level education

The Traffickers

• 52% of those recruiting victims are men, 42% are women and 6% are both men and women11

• In 54% of cases the recruiter was a stranger to the victim, 46% of cases the recruiter was known to

victim

•The majority of suspects involved in the trafficking process are nationals of the country where the

trafficking process is occurring13 The Profits

• Estimated global annual profits made from the exploitation of all trafficked forced labour are US$ 31.6 billion

Of this:

o US$ 15.5 billion – 49% – is generated in industrialized economies

o US$ 9.7 billion – 30.6% is generated in Asia and the Pacific

o US$ 1.3 billion – 4.1% is generated in Latin America and the Caribbean

o US$ 1.6 billion – 5% is generated in sub-Saharan Africa

o US$ 1.5 billion – 4.7% is generated in the Middle East and North Africa15

Prosecutions

• In 2006 there were only 5,808 prosecutions and 3,160 convictions throughout the world. This means that for every 800 people trafficked, only one person was convicted in 2006

REF: http://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/issues_doc/labour/Forced_labour/HUMAN_TRAFFICKING_-_THE_FACTS_-_final.pdf

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